Some topics/thoughts about potential commonalities or differences from NY to Breda
Dutch Influence on NYC
Breda: Governing/values/visual/physical construction
- City constructed with brick walls and Roman-style gates
- Developed as a residential city
- German-occupied during WWII
- Liberation day festivities
- Historical city growth, comparatively
- Also time lapse
- Demographic – https://www.urbistat.it/AdminStat/en/nl/demografia/dati-sintesi/breda/23055941/4
Traffic flow – visual
jobs/ identities interacting on daily activities
- How does Breda fit inside or influence NY, or vise versa
- Various identities that make up New York, while (we assume) less in number for Breda, but probably more distinct identities
- Average age in NYC (nyc.gov) – The 2014 median age in New York City was 35.8 years, almost two years lower than the national median of 37.7 years. Over
- one-third of the population 25 and over in New York City has a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 30 percent nationally.
Our classification of NYC:
- Constant, overlapping, sometimes conflicting identities that comprise neighborhoods
- ‘Melting pot’ of culture, language, etc.
- Multiple languages often heard in public spaces
- Competition in the workplace
- Geographic divisions and integration of resident, entertained, leisure, and business areas into districts, BUT much also overlaps (people living on top of stores, anywhere affordable, etc).
- Severe variations in financial status among residents
- Suburban development originated from Manhattan
Culture and tourism
- General unfriendliness
- Tourism destination
- Stark division between tourist areas and attractions for locals
- Distaste for tourism
- Collection of museums, culture representatives in one city
- New York for only work or play, vs residential
- Walkable, and efficient public transit
- Traffic/automobile use/parking is very difficult
- Minimal green spaces aside from designated parkland
- Concrete scenery vs. rebuilt green space
- Iconic skyline/often considered aesthetically pleasing
- Very different from the other states economically, socially, politically
- Small living spaces
- Smartphone culture – constant
- Immigration stories, parents pursuing the ‘American Dream,’ tenements
- Living style – Technically no work on weekends or on work evenings, but work is really never over. It’s very common to stay late at work or work weekends when you’re on salary (no extra pay) – vs. no work evening @ Breda?
- Food is fast and plentiful… emphasis on customer service
- Eating cultures (inspired by french fries styles)
- Public smoking
- Drinking and nightlife, excessive drinking is very commonplace in NYC (& age groups)
City Transportation / traffic
Weekend/weekday/holiday flow at a location
Shared public space
http://aqicn.org/map/usa/newyork/ (View NYC air pollution in real time)
Smoking (public) / seconded-hand smoking
Water, polders, Lely – A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that forms an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices
Animal robot milking
World in 2100
Holland – Future/speculative settlement
What is a settlement? Via Google
A place, typically one that has hitherto been uninhabited, where people establish a community.
Main cities in Holland: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague
Canals and Waterways
Netherlands means ‘lower countries’
One of the world’s largest ports is in Rotterdam
First country to legalize same sex marriage
Iron age – iron ore for currency
Dutch Golden Age – science, military, art
Dutch East Indies (Indonesia)
–Only 4% of population is employed for agriculture
–Highly systematic methods of agriculture
–21% of world’s exports
–One quarter of all of the world’s exported tomatoes, and trade of one-third of the world’s exports of chilis, tomatoes and cucumbers goes through the country
– The Netherlands also exports one-fifteenth of the world’s apples
– Agricultural exports consist of fresh-cut plants, flowers, and flower bulbs, with the Netherlands exporting two-thirds of the world’s total
Cutout of land
Based on an idea of Netherlands post-climate change, which would have 47% of population exposed to damage if sea level increased due to climate change. According scientists’ prediction, by 2500, the global average temperature would 4C warmer than now.
Steel, provides access to raised layers of hexagonal floor plans
- Hexagon shape
found in honeycomb provides most space with least material, so we consider to utilize it as an elementary structure to build for providing shelter at our settlement.
- There are multiple layers both on the land and under the water.
Each layer of hexagon has a different floor plan and has different purposes according to its function.
First layer on the ground is designated for wild animals so it’s the highest.
Human resident is usually in the middle layers,
Top layer is covered by plantation and agriculture for providing oxygen and preventing intensive ultraviolet radiation from the sun and reflection from water.
- Layers underwater also have arrangement for human residential, but the majority of space is for agriculture.
Community spaces, etc.
Large hexagons are design for public spaces, such as park, commerce, etc
- Public areas is arranged around the center for easy/equal access for residents
- Hexagons with different size are more difficult to plan on two dimensional surface
Homes, shape is for efficiency, park in center, commerce, columnar supports
Between the hexagons
Between the layers
Data to add on tracing paper? →
- 4C warming: 627 million people will be impacted
- Top 4 countries x2: exposed to rising sea level regarding of population and percentage
Cumulative sea level change – inche
1950 – 4
1960 – 4.8
1970 – 5.1
1980 – 5.6
1990 – 6
2000 – 7
2010 – 9
- World population increase